journal of the college of basic education <p><strong>The Journal of the College of Basic Education (CBEJ) is a refereed scientific journal issued by the College of Basic Education / Al-Mustansiriya University (Baghdad - Iraq) every three months and in two parts, one part for humanities and educational sciences and one part for pure sciences. Its first issue was in 1994 under the name of the Journal of Teachers College, whose name was changed to correspond with the name of the college in 2004 to the Journal of the College of Basic Education.</strong></p> <p><strong>The magazine holds a digital identifier (DOI).</strong></p> <p><strong>It also holds the International Standard Number (ISSN).</strong></p> <p><strong>ISSN: 1815-7467 (Print)</strong><br /><strong>ISSN: 2706-8536 (Electronic)</strong></p> en-US (مجلة كلية التربية الاساسية) (فرح جمال محمود) Thu, 27 Oct 2022 08:43:46 +0000 OJS 60 Linguistic intelligence among first-grade students enrolled and not enrolled in kindergarten <p>The theory of multiple intelligences has revolutionized the educational and educational fields. Gardner has directed the view to the energies of each individual, which, if trained well, will generate a generation of talented and distinguished people who have multiple and varied methods for solving problems and have the ability to adapt to different situations and have multiple ways to deal with data The era and its variables (Al-Ansari and Al-Feel, 2009: 175).<br>With the birth of the Multiple Intelligences theory, our understanding of the nature of human intelligence has increased in depth, so that a person has a set of intelligences, not a single one. None of us can deny the importance of multiple intelligence in different areas of life, whether in the field of education, in the field of training, or in various social or life situations. The issue of placing the right man in the right place requires knowledge of the individual’s mental capabilities and also requires knowledge of work requirements to ensure The success of the individual in his work, and in light of the foregoing, the research problem can be summarized in the following question:<br>Linguistic intelligence is one of the types of multiple intelligence that has received great attention from psychologists and education, and this interest has played a major role in relying on the use of linguistic intelligence strategies and activities in the learning process. Gardner (1983) referred to linguistic intelligence, using poetry and creative writing as examples of this type of intelligence or talent. Scientists, historians, critics, novelists and all researchers, but some of them use language better than others, and this confirms that these people all have a degree of talent.<br>Linguistic intelligence obtained the largest share among researchers' interests in multiple intelligences. Gardner ranked linguistic intelligence in the first place, and considered it one of the most important intelligences that help the learner to develop other intelligences, from which the researcher's question comes, as follows:<br>Does joining kindergarten have a role in developing the linguistic intelligence of first graders?<br><br></p> Mr. Dr. Iman Abbas Ali Khafaf Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Implicit intelligence among middle school students <p>The current research aims at measur <strong>Implicit Intelligence </strong>among middle school students. the significance of statistical differences in <strong>Implicit Intelligence </strong>among middle school students according to the gender variable and the variable of specialization (scientific – literary) was selacted. The research sample was chosen from middle school astudents belonging to the first Karkh Education Directorarte(250) males and(250)females and&nbsp; scientific&nbsp; and literary sciences .To achieve the research objectives ,the researcher built the measure&nbsp; of <strong>Implicit Intelligence</strong>. the The data were statistically analyzed&nbsp; using the statistical bag (SPSS) (T=0.66) ,which is greater than the T- table value of 1.96 .This&nbsp; means that the students have an <strong>Implicit Intelligence</strong>.The researcher used the T- test for two independent samples&nbsp; to identify second target The results showed no statistically significant differences between males and females .the calculated T value ( 0.878) is smaller than the tabular&nbsp; T Value of ( 1.96 ) .</p> <p>The results showed no statistically significant differences in <strong>Implicit Intelligence</strong> according to the specialization variable (scientific – literary) The calculated T value ( 0.271) is smaller than the table value ( 1.96 ) .</p> <p>In the light of the results, the researcher found a number of recommendations and suggestions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Mr. Dr. Bushra Hussein Ali Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A model for evaluating artistic outcomes for students of the Department of Family Education and Artistic Professions in Carpentry <p>The current research aims to build an evaluation form for the parts and steps of students’ products in the Department of Family Education and Artistic Professions. The first chapter included the research problem. The researcher tried to answer how to build a model for evaluating artistic outcomes for students of the Department of Family Education and Artistic Professions in carpentry. Search and define the terms in its title.<br>As for the second chapter, it included a section on evaluation and carpentry, and the third chapter contains research procedures and the research community consisting of students from the Department of Family Education and Technical Professions and how to choose the sample. And building the tool, its honesty, stability, and then the evaluation. The study reached several results, including:<br>The result shows that the grades for evaluating the technical outputs of carpentry work at this level are considered acceptable to this extent. It is considered a good level. And the third-year student in the Department of Family Education and Technical Professions studies carpentry principles in the second stage, and advanced carpentry in the third stage. The researcher is good because the students are beginners in the field of wood arts and are not professional carpenters.<br>The most important conclusions are that it is possible to learn carpentry skills and techniques, which is possible in light of the availability of a successful method and the creation of appropriate conditions, as well as recommendations, suggestions and a list of sources.<br>The appendices included the names of the experts and the final form for analyzing the technical productions.<br><br></p> Prof. Dr. Hussein Mohamed Ali Saqi Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 School violence / minor decision - causes - and effects on the personality of the child in the primary stage <p>The primary stage is one of the important stages in its impact on the various aspects of growth in the student, such as growth, such as cognitive and emotional growth... This (primary) stage is still continuing in particular, in particular, in a continuous need of studies and research in the development and upgrading of educational and educational ratios.</p> <p>From this current logic of the current search in recognition:</p> <p>1- Forms of violence among students according to the perceptions of primary school teachers.</p> <p>2 - The factors causing violence and aggression on the personality of the child in the primary stage and according to the perceptions of their teachers.</p> <p>3- Detecting the effects resulting from school violence in the personality of the child in the childhood stage as perceived by the teachers of the primary stage.</p> <p>4- Develop a proposed vision for the mechanisms and overcoming the forms of violence and its causes to improve the handling and education within the family and the educational and educational performance inside the school and the classroom.</p> <p>In order to achieve the objectives of the research, the two researchers prepared a questionnaire consisting of several fields, starting with an open question at its beginning and end. As for the fields of the closed questionnaire, it included four fields with (50) paragraphs distributed among them.</p> <p>- The research community consisted of all primary school teachers in Wasit governorate, and its sample included (200) male and female teachers distributed over (26) primary schools, distributed between Al-Aziziyah and Al-Suwaira districts who were chosen randomly.</p> <p>The search results resulted in:</p> <p>1- Obtaining a range of forms of violence among primary school students according to the perceptions of their teachers.</p> <p>2- Detection of the set of factors causing violence and school aggression among primary school students according to the perceptions of their teachers, including (school - family, societal - and self-) factors.</p> <p>3- Reaching the outcomes of the effects of violence and aggression on the personality of the student in the primary stage according to the perceptions of their teachers, including:</p> <p>Getting used to hurting others - weakening relationships and social bonds between students - generating reactions to revenge and revenge.</p> Prof. Suhaila Mohsen Kazem , . Dr. Hutham Jalil Abbas Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Cognitive dependency among kindergarten students <p>The experiences that students go through and what they contain of emotions, emotions and feelings can affect their way of thinking, as they interpret things without an objective view, which leads them to dire results that affect their achievement and academic level, so they fail to rely on themselves in the search for information, reading and curiosity. , especially in our current era, which has witnessed a wide diversity in the various technological means of communication, as they lose confidence in themselves and rely on other sources to acquire learning, and they have what is called (cognitive dependence), which indicates a latent behavioral readiness in childhood and may appear at the end of the adolescence stage. Or the stage of adulthood, and gives it a characteristic of relative stability in the later stages of life (Youssef, 2011: 85). Cognitive dependency is characterized by the difficulty of making decisions without relying on others and assigning responsibility to others in most areas of an individual’s life and his inability to object to others for fear of losing their support for him and facing the difficulty of starting any project or work that depends on his own capabilities and annoyance with loneliness with attachment to others and research Eagerly about personal relationships that are very resourceful and helpful, and unrealistically preoccupied with the fear that others will leave him to take on his responsibilities (Ibrahim, 2005: 105). Therefore, the research problem arises in the following question (What is the level of cognitive dependency among the students of the kindergarten department?)</p> A.M.D. Laila Youssef Karim Al Marsoumi Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The artistic image of writing in Abu Nawas poetry <p>Writing was mentioned in pre-Islamic poetry, likening it to the subject of Tallu, so the poet likened the traces of Talal that had been erased to a book whose lines had been erased. The writing on the spelling subject of&nbsp; indicated that the attributes of the satirist were proven by confirming the writing and sealing. And the development of the meaning of writing in the Abbasid era. It became a poetic subject describing the difficulty of writing, and an indication of the effort the poet makes in reforming his poems. And the meaning of (writing) developed in Abu Nawas, so he transformed it from an abstract mental meaning to a sensual, flirtatious meaning characterized by beauty. The hair hanging from the top of the ear with a pen, and Abu Nawas likened the lines of wine when mixed with water to writing with the left hand. And he was proud tha the angels write sins on him, and he does not care about the intensity of his sense of pleasure, and on the subject of hunting, he likened chicken feathers to the lines of writing. He described writing as eternity.</p> Huda Hadi Abbas Habeeb AL-jeshami Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Psychological fitness for kindergarten students - construction and application <p>The current research aims to:<br>1- Detecting the psychological fitness of kindergarten students<br>2- The differences in the relationship in psychological fitness among female kindergarten students according to the stage variable and according to the following null hypothesis:<br>• There are no statistically significant differences at the level (0.5) between the averages of psychological fitness for the first, second, third and fourth stages.<br>To achieve the objectives of the research, the two researchers selected the research community from three colleges, namely the College of Basic Education, Al-Mustansiriya University, the College of Education for Girls, University of Baghdad, and the College of Basic Education, Wasit University. Applying it to the main sample, and after statistically processing the data, the two researchers reached the following:<br>1- The kindergarten students are characterized by psychological fitness.<br>2- There are statistically significant differences in the relationship in psychological fitness among female students of kindergarten departments and in favor of the first stage.<br>Based on the results of the research, the two researchers developed a number of proposals and recommendations.<br><br></p> A.M.D. Yasmine Taha Ibrahim, Ghufran Adnan Nasser Salumi Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Behavioral behavior of first-grade students enrolled and not enrolled in kindergartens (comparative study) <p>The problem of the current research is to answer the following questions: What is the level of obedience behavior among the first grade pupils enrolled and not enrolled in kindergartens? Is worship behavior different according to sex? The importance of the current research lies in considerations that can be summarized as follows the importance of enrollment in kindergartens because this stage is the basis for the formation of the personality of the individual future. This topic is a scientific contribution focused in the attempt to prepare children distinguished by achieving natural behavior away from the stubborn behavior of the class The first is for each child to be an active member of the community. The current research aims at identifying the behavior of the students in the first grade of primary school enrolled and not enrolled in kindergartens and the recognition of the behavior of the students in the first grade of primary enrollment and not enrolled in kindergartens according to the sex variable (male - female). The current research is determined by the first grade students enrolled and not enrolled Kindergartens and both sexes for the academic year 2018-2019. The study sample consisted of (50) students and students (25) students and students enrolled in kindergartens and (25) students and students from others enrolled in kindergartens. The sample was chosen in a simple random way. Two schools were chosen from the General Directorate for the education of Baghdad. The test is the test of two independent test scores among first grade students who are enrolled and not enrolled in kindergartens. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the findings of the two researchers, Miley concluded:Students who are enrolled and not enrolled in Riyadh are characterized by the behavior of the club. Weakness of the attention of the teachers in the stage of kindergartens who are characterized by the behavior of the club and how to treat it.. The lack of teachers in the stage of kindergarten to skills dealing with children who are characterized by atheistic behavior</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Aseel. I. Mohamed Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ological for university The role of the strategy of immunization from intellectual alienation in achieving belonging Educational and psychstudents <p>Research the problem and its significance<br>Some societies have been exposed to several problems and challenges, including the Iraqi society, which has suffered from the scourge of wars, causing damage to the human and economic side, as well as to the extremist intellectual aspects that led to the formation of feelings of anxiety, poor security and some psychological disorders. However, university students are considered among the social strata on which it is relied upon to stand up to these challenges, in particular those who belong to psychological and educational knowledge and to which they should feel a sense of belonging. However, through the researcher’s experience and knowledge in being a university professor in educational and psychological sciences, most of them are revolving around many ambiguous positions about their psychological affiliation as well as their educational affiliation. Electronic and technical ones, which are now interfering with many tendentious psychological and educational cultures. It is clear (Barakat, 2011) that intellectual pollution is the most dangerous thing facing the individual and society, especially the youth, from deviant ideas due to the confusion of a small group of them and their dangerous actions to adopt these deviant ideas due to their weak intellectual level as well as Some of them are drawn to these destructive thoughts and shady currents (Barakat 2011:7). The phenomenon of intellectual alienation is clearly evident as a result of the value contradictions between the world of the West, which differs in its values ​​and principles, and the psychological and educational values ​​in the educational and social reality in Iraq. They want to achieve and the aspirations that they aspire to. Thus, the role of counseling comes to applied psychology, which aims to help individuals in facing the problems of daily life (El-Shenawy, 13:1994), of which is the immunization strategy, which seeks to reduce that intellectual interference that mars educational and psychological affiliation together. And ensuring educational and psychological affiliation For students of educational and psychological sciences, it will achieve a wide scope for spreading the image of university affiliation for university students as a whole, considering that students studying psychological sciences in educational reality effectively influence others from their colleagues. Through the above, the research problem can be formulated through the following question: Can it be a strategy Immunization from intellectual alienation has a role in achieving a high level of educational and psychological affiliation<br><br></p> Ms. Alaa Jamil Saleh Al-Ugaili Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Creative cooperation and its relationship to the quality of life of state employees <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The aim of the research is to identify the creative cooperation and quality of life of state employees, and then to identify the relationship between creative cooperation and the quality of life of the same sample according to the variables of gender and social status. The sample consisted of (100) male and female employees of the Department of Religious Education and Islamic Studies. The results showed that the research community works with the two models of creative cooperation and quality of life based on their highest scores on the scales of creative cooperation and quality of life, and there were no statistically significant differences between creative cooperation and quality of life depending on the variables of gender and social status, and finally the results showed a positive correlation between the two variables.&nbsp;</p> Bayda Hadi Abbas, Huda Hadi Abbas Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The impact of the use of mathematical representations in academic achievement and retention of learning Math with an average first-grade students <p>The technical sophistication of Modern technical development dictates the development of educational systems, which calls for a reorganization of educational content and teaching methods that depend on the participation of the learner instead of methods that depend on his reception of information. Therefore, the problem of the study arose with the following question: Does the achievement of mathematics and retention of learning differ among first-grade intermediate students? When they were taught mathematics according to inverted learning compared to the traditional method, where the research sample consisted of (78) students, and by (39) for each group was divided into two groups, an experimental group that studied according to inverted learning and a control group that studied according to the usual method. An equivalence was conducted for the sample in the variables (chronological age, previous achievement in mathematics, educational level of the parents). The researcher prepared an academic achievement test in mathematics (multiple choice) that consisted of (23) items, and its apparent validity and content validity were verified, and its reliability coefficient was (0.85) using Cronbach's alpha equation.</p> <p>The experiment was applied in the second semester of the academic year 202021, and after the completion of the experiment, the test was applied to the two research groups. After data collection and statistical analysis, the result was superiority of the experimental group over the control group in the achievement test and retention of learning, and in light of the results that were reached, the researcher developed her conclusions, recommendations and suggestions..</p> م. تغريد خضير حسن Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Evaluating the performance of Arabic language teachers in the light of the skills of the twenty-first century <p>One of the most prominent features of our present age is scientific and technological progress and the explosion of knowledge in various fields of life. The era of science and technology has been characterized by the dominance of the scientific method over human thinking and work. There are lessons in the field of grammar and literature, and it is necessary to conduct a continuous evaluation of the teaching staff on an ongoing basis and to know their capabilities and abilities to keep pace with that development and progress, whether in performance or in the possession of skills. To possess the skills of the twenty-first century, which contribute to achieving a kind of scientific progress and investing in time and effort, the researcher chose a group of schools in a random manner, and took a number of male and female teachers of these schools to achieve a ratio of (22/0), i.e. by (24) male and (33) male schools And evaluate them according to the questionnaire prepared by the researcher, which consists of (12) skills that represent the skills of the twenty-first century for the purpose of evaluation in the variable of gender and scientific experience, and After the results of the study, the researcher recommended the following:</p> <ol> <li class="show">1. Increasing the number of training courses for male and female teachers of the Arabic language and informing them of modern methods and methods in teaching Arabic language.</li> </ol> <p>.2 The necessity for school administrations to pay attention to libraries as a center for knowledge and culture, and to enrich them with modern books.</p> <ol start="3"> <li class="show">3. Keeping abreast of developments in the field of knowledge by male and female teachers.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> M.D. Hamed Shehab Ahmed, M.D. Mersal Abdul Hamid Odeh Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Self-awareness and its relationship to beyond emotion among university students <p>The aim of the research is to identify the level of both self-awareness and beyond emotion and the correlation between them among university students, and for the purpose of achieving the goals, tools were prepared that measure what they came for and then were applied to a sample of university students. And that the relationship between them is direct, and the researcher recommended some recommendations and suggested what he deems appropriate</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> M . Dr. Hussein Musa Abdel-Jubouri Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Lack of motivation for distance learning and its relationship to excessive psychological entitlement among university students during e-learning in light of the Corona pandemic <p>The aim of the current research is to the relationship between a lack of motivation for distance learning and an excessive psychological entitlement among university students during e-learning in light of the Corona pandemic. The current research is limited to the students of the Colleges of Education for Human Sciences and the College of Education for Pure Sciences from the academic year (2020-2021) and for the morning study only. To achieve the objectives of the research, a random sample of (200) male and female students was selected, with (150) male and female students from the College of Education for Human Sciences and (50) male and female students from the College of Education for Pure Sciences. To achieve the objectives of the research, the researcher built two tools, one to measure the lack of motivation for distance learning, consisting of (22) items, and the second to measure psychological over-entitlement, consisting of (20) items, and three alternatives were placed in front of each paragraph, which are (always apply to me, sometimes apply to me, Not applicable to me) Grades were given (3, 2, 1) respectively. The researcher verified the validity of the two tools by the method of apparent validity and construct validity, and verified their stability using the re-test method and the Alpha-Kronback method. The researcher used the following statistical methods: chi-square (Ka2), t-test for two independent samples, t-test for one sample, and Pearson correlation coefficient.</p> <p>The research reached the following results:</p> <p>1_ University students have a lack of motivation for distance learning during e-learning in light of the Corona pandemic.</p> <p>2_ University students have excessive psychological entitlement during e-learning in light of the Corona pandemic.</p> <p>3_ There is a direct relationship between lack of motivation for distance learning and excessive psychological entitlement during e-learning under the Corona pandemic.</p> M. Dr.. Hanan Hussein Ali Al-Halfi Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The degree to which primary school teachers practice active learning strategies from the point of view of school principals <p>The study aimed to identify ("the degree to which primary school teachers practice active learning strategies from the point of view of school principals") in the province of Baghdad - as the researcher used the descriptive survey method to suit the subject of the research. Baghdad governorate center for the academic year (2021-2022) AD. The research sample amounted to (60) male and female directors, 30 (males) and 30 (females). The researcher adopted the (Al-Araydah, 2016) scale, which consisted of (30) items, and distributed it to the research sample consisting of (60) male and female directors, and the validity was verified. The questionnaire was presented to a group of experts and they supported the validity of the questionnaire. Also, the stability of the questionnaire was verified through the midterm segmentation, which amounted to (0.92) and after correcting it with the Spearman-Brown equation, the reliability coefficient became (0.95). search:<br>After extracting the general weighted mean of the domains, it was found that the degree to which primary school teachers practice active learning strategies got a (large) degree, as the general weighted mean of these domains as a whole was reached, and this result is consistent with the weighted mean of the responses of the research sample members. Active learning in the second Rusafa district is to a large extent, given that the weighted mean of this axis falls within the degree of (large) practice.<br>The researcher made several recommendations, including:<br>1- The necessity of employing active learning strategies in developing some skills related to the participation of others in ideas, communication, and the distribution and exchange of roles; This is done by developing the spirit of cooperation and love of participation among students<br>2- The necessity of involving students in planning educational processes in their schools and developing their relationship with society<br>In light of the results of the current research, the researcher suggests the following:<br>- Conducting similar studies to determine the degree to which teachers practice active learning strategies in another stage of study.<br>Providing all means of support to encourage teachers working in the educational field to use active learning strategies.<br><br></p> م.د. منتهى شوكة طعمه Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The effect of Neale of Fourth Stage students' performance in the secondary schools <p>This study attempts to investigate the effect of Neale model among&nbsp; students’ performance of the fifth secondary school. The participants included 61 Iraqi EFL learners at the secondary school and they were placed randomly into a control group and an experimental group from [ Al-Maarf School ]. The students in the experimental group are taught literature according to new methods while the students in the control group are taught according to traditional method. To collect the pre-test and post-test data, the researchers administered the - validated to be used as a pre and post test for the two groups of the students. The test is done after teaching art to each group seperately for two months (2020- 2021). The exprimetal group was taugh using Dizzny's strategies, whereas the contrlled group was taught by the traditional method only. The data are analyzed statistically by using t-test formula to measure the difference between the performance of the experimental group in the pre and post test. In the light of those findings, the researcher suggest some recommendations that are hoped to be helpful for syllabus designers, supervisors and English language teachers.</p> <ol start="3"> <li class="show"><strong><em> Recommendations</em></strong></li> </ol> <p><strong>1-</strong>Neale Model is improved it’s effect in students’ performances.</p> <p>2.Helping students about critical thinking.</p> <p>3.Making another study ,but in a different stage.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Musadak Khanjar Kridi Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Proposal of an Electronic Teacher for Educational tasks to Activate Contemporary Learning From the point of view of Teachers and Secondary School Teachers <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Today's interest in e-learning has become utmost but the responsibilities of the parameter and non-educational teacher can affect the progress of the e-learning process. Defense of interest in alternative e-learning about the teacher through the presence of an electronic teacher can be useful at the moment to fill a lot of needs for this and this can be represented by the problem of the current research in question: What are teachers and school teachers. The aim of researching: The electronic teacher proposal for educational tasks to activate contemporary learning from the point of view of teachers and secondary school teachers. The teams of teachers and teachers of practitioners for electronic education in the city of Karbala (the city center and limbs) in the Karbala Education Directorate. For school year (2022-2021). The researcher used the descriptive research approach. The current research community included teachers and teachers by class, a degree at 523 and a high degree (95). Distributors at the city center and limbs. After checking the standard characteristics of honesty indicators, stability and statistical analysis of the scale for the professionalism of the Egyptian teacher for reality functions of realization of 14 (14) paragraph (14) paragraph distributed on three components: an effective and discretionary regulatory regulatory cognitive, according to a three-way response is: [task, task Somewhat, is not important]. It is given when corrected grades and is given when corrected grades of a degree (1) minimum, and 3 grade. The highest value (42) and less value (14) in central each (28). Search to search to 1) There is a direction towards using the electronic teacher 2) There is a difference between teachers in orientation towards the proposal of an electronic teacher 3) There is a difference between scientific degree in orientation towards the proposal of an electronic teacher 4) There is no difference between geographical distribution in orientation towards the proposal of electronic teacher.</p> Prof. Dr. Hayder Hassan Al-Yaqoubi Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of Teaching Technologies Education by ALEN HOVER Model of Students College Basic Education for learn Skills for Creative Thinking <p><em>in order to check the aim of the research putting the two following hypotheses :-</em> There was no statistically significant difference (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group of students who studied according to ALEN HOVER&nbsp; Model and the average score of the students of the control group who studied according to the usual method in the creative thinking test.</p> <p>&nbsp; The researcher uses a partially controlled experimental design, which have&nbsp; Creative Thinking, The experiment was applied on the Basic Education Students The Department of Islamic Education was selected from the basic education departments, The number of its members (52) students They are divided into two study rooms.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In order to verity null hyopththsis The creative thinking test, which consisted of (8) They were confirmed by the use of the Kjoder-Richardson-20 for the achievement test and the creative thinking test and the stability coefficient respectively.</p> <p>&nbsp;The achieve ment of experimental group who were taught by ALEN HOVER&nbsp; Model is more than that of the control who were taught by the tradition method in the&nbsp; Creative Thinking . The value of counting (t) was (2,67) while the tableted (t) was (2,000) at the level of significance (0,05) .</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; From these results researcher concluded that teaching by ALEN HOVER&nbsp; an effect on student&nbsp; Creative Thinking in Technologies Education as the volume effect (0.07). In the light of that, the researcher has set a number of recommend and a tines and suqqestion conserving the results of the study.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ahmed Abdel Salam Allawi Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The language of contemporary media discourse - reality and hope <p>With the wide spread of the media, and the diversity of its channels, platforms and media, it was accompanied by a decline in the presenters of programs that ended with the weakness of the Arabic language, and the dominance of the local vernacular dialects over it. Which led to a sweeping attack and a sweeping invasion of the so-called (media language) on the classical language, and an overlap occurred between the classical language and the colloquial, resulting in a third hybrid language, and this third language, which became the approved media language is a status between the two levels, it is not the standard language in its rules, standards and structures. And its origins, nor is it a colloquial language that does not adhere to restrictions, is not subject to measurement and is not subject to provisions, and the danger lies in that it replaces the classical, and spreads with its weakness and corruption, and this language acquires legitimacy and is free for it, so it becomes the language of thought, literature, art, media and administration, any language life.<br>In addition to the prevalence of foreign vocabulary in the discourse addressed to the Arab public. Indeed, these vocabulary have become the titles of famous programs and the names of stations widely spread in Arab countries. As well as the names of many shops, public markets, schools, universities and hospitals bearing foreign names to show off and boast, and the prevalence of errors in the Arabic language, the prevalence of melody on the tongues of its speakers, and the wide circulation of measures, structures, formulas and methods that are not related to the classical. This requires us to stand on the reality of the linguistic situation in the contemporary media discourse, at this stage filled with regional and international changes. It is not an exaggeration in the light of this to say that this situation is dangerous by all standards, or by all meanings, and from several aspects, but this danger does not prevent us from addressing the imbalance and purifying the linguistic environment in the media discourse from pollution, and making way for a linguistic development in which consideration is restored to the In classical Arabic, the state of language and the upgrading of the language of media discourse in the media.<br><br></p> Prof. Dr. Abdullah Abdo Ahmed Talib, Dr. Hoda Ahmed Abdullah Al Hamzi Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Evaluation of Iraqi English for Specific Purposes (ESP) Curriculum Program <p>The research aims at formative evaluation to determine the quality and effectiveness of the English Language Curriculum Program for Specific Purposes in one of the departments of Ibn Rushd College of the University of Baghdad, which is mainly concerned with teaching education and psychology based on educational objectives. That is, to apply psychological principles and outcomes in education. The purpose of this assessment is to demonstrate the effectiveness of the current ESP curricular program titled "The Third Skill of Kubaisi 1989". It includes determining the effectiveness and quality of the ESP co-curricular program and how it can be improved based on students' needs. English for Specific Purposes (ESP) is "an approach to language teaching in which all decisions about content and method are based on why the learner is learning." (Hutchinson and Waters, 1993: 19. It is a type of curriculum in which the focus is on communication processes rather than structural, functional or theoretical elements, and content and goals are set on the specific needs of a particular group of learners (adapted and modified from Nunan, 1988). :158 and Richards and Schmidt, 2002:181) The proposed approach is a combination of communicative language teaching and the Hutchinson-Watters-based model of learning 1987. The following steps will be followed in order to achieve the objectives of the study: A quantitative method will be used (experimental approach / two groups - treatment and control) ), and a questionnaire will be distributed to both teachers and students to these colleges, designing an Iraqi ESP curriculum program in colleges of education, applying a proposed curriculum to a sample of Iraqi ESP students in colleges of education, and evaluating the proposed curriculum according to students’ achievements, behavior, and the views of specialists in it. .<br><br></p> WASAN TAWFEEQ Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000