Main Article Content
Cultural identity is one of the most important aspects that define a society from another society because the prevailing culture in a society is an extension of the cultural and cultural heritage of the nation, in contrast to inheritance from the ancestors to the children and mixed with their experiences. The development of this cultural treasure is in accordance with the requirements of the times and its variables, Inherited. The concept of cultural identity is a culture, or identity of a group or person, because the person may be affected by the identity of the cultural group, or by the culture to which it belongs, since the identity is the individual and includes in its meaning a number of values and norms, In a number of areas In addition to his knowledge and awareness of the issues surrounding him in society, as they represent his intellectual heritage. Cultural identity is also defined as a set of basic cultural features and fixed forms. In addition, it means the harmony of mind and identity through the rejection of fanaticism and ethnic and sectarian extremism in all its forms and forms.
The cultural peculiarity of any nation is based on several axes, the most important of which is its cultural heritage, which includes the artistic heritage of folk songs, music, folklore, drama and folk legends transmitted by generation after generation. It is this inheritance that preserves the identity of the nation and distinguishes it from others, and suits the preservation of cultural identity under the power of globalization era "Globalization" is a new global system characterized by information revolution in various means of communication (Internet, electronic technology, etc.), which targets various fields of life (political, economic, social and especially cultural).
There is no doubt that the cultural identity of any Arab country has been greatly affected by this globalization, whether cultural or otherwise. Therefore, the status of cultural identity under the authority of globalization has affected significantly in the plastic field in general and the Iraqi formation in particular. Ramifications In the research, the researcher will discuss the important axes in the theoretical framework and his discussion, which are divided as follows: The first topic: the concept of cultural identity. The second topic: globalization, its foundations and types, and the definition of cultural globalization in detail.